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2014年山东高考英语试题及答案解析文本下载版


作者:苏州进步网 来源:苏州进步网(www.szjjedu.com) 发布时间:2014-09-04 阅读次数:




2014年山东省高考英语试题词汇简易分析:
1. 总词汇量:3202个(指纯英语词汇:去掉了数字,符号等非英语词汇)(有报道称总计:3827个)
2. 净单词:1052个(去掉了重复单词),其中,初中学:844个,高中 200个,还有约10个超标词。来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
3. 初中合成词 4个, 派生词29个,词尾词190个。
   高中合成词9个, 派生词 20 个, 词尾词68个。
其余的是专有名词,原形词等。
4. 2014新增3个:  features, issued,  opportunities.
5.  在试题中中标出的【超鲁汇】是2014年山东省高考英语词汇表上没有的词汇。【超标本】是指超出课标(实验)和课本(人教、外研)的词汇。
6. 试题总体难度0.6 左右。
7. 参考百度文库文章《2013年山东高考英语试进步网题与课标、课本词汇对比分析
及高中同步英语试题的词汇掌控问题研究》
8.分析过程借助于《高中英语电子审题管理系统———题汇精灵》。
                                                             第I卷(105分)
第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节  单项填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1.Writing out all the invitations by hand was more time-consuming than we_______.
  A. will expect B. are expecting C. expect D. had expected
2.I don’t really like the author, _______I have to admit his books are very exciting.
  A. although B. unless C. until D. once来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
3.—This apple pie is too sweet, don’t you think so?
 —_______.I think it’s just right, actually.
 A. Not really B. I hope so C. Sounds good D. No wonder
4. Susan made_______ clear to me that she wished to make进步网a new life for herself.
 A. that B. this C. it D. her
5. They made up their mind that they_______ a new house once Larry changed jobs.
 A. bought B. would buy C. have bought D. had bought
6. There’s a note pinned to the door________ when the shop will open again.
  A. saying B. says C. said D. having said
7. It is difficult for us to imagine_______ life was like for slaves in the ancient world.
  A. where B. what C. which D. why来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
8. —Is Anne coming tomorrow?
   —______. If she were to come, she would have called me.
   A. Go ahead B. Certainly C. That’s right D. I don’t think so
9. It’s standard practice for a company like this one_______ a security officer.
   A. employed B. being employed C. to employ D. employs
10. A company_______ profits from home markets are declining may seek opportunities abroad.
   A. which B. whose C. who D. why
第二节 完形填空(共30小题;A篇每小题1分,B篇每小题1.5分,满分40分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选进步网出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
                   A
  There was a pet store and the owner had a parrot. One day a ___11___ walked in and the parrot said to the man, “Hey you!” The man said, “What!?” The parrot said, “Your__12__ is really ugly.” The man got very __13__ and went to the store owner and said, “Your bird just__14__ my wife. It said she was ugly.” 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  The owner stormed over, __15__the bird, took it into the “black room,” shook it a bit, __16__ out a few feathers, and said, “Don’t ever, ever say anything to __17__ my customers again. You got that!!!”
  With that__18__ he took the bird and put it back into its cage. The old bird shook out its__19__ and relaxed in its cage. A couple of weeks__20__and in walked this guy【超鲁汇;初中人教8年级下册Unit8;初中外研2年级上册Module7】 and his wife agai进步网n. The parrot said, “Hey you” The guy said, “What!?” The parrot answered, “You know that.” 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  11. A. group B. team C. couple D. crowd
  12. A. wife B. sister C. mother D. daughter
  13. A. curious B. nervous C. guilty D. angry
  14. A. greeted B. puzzled C. offended D. scared
  15. A. hugged B. seized C. trained D. rescued
  16. A. sent B. handed C. pulled D. dug
  17. A. touch B. amuse C. cheat D. embarrass
  18. A. warning B. comment C. suggestion D. request
  19. A. eyes B. feathers C. fur D. skin
  20. A. lasted B. arrived C. appeared D. passed
                 B
  Charlotte Whitehead was born in England in 1843, and moved to Montreal, Canada at the age of five with her family. While__21__ her ill elder sister throughout the years, Charlotte discovered she had a(n)__22__ in medicine. At 18 she married and __23__ a family. Several years later, Charlotte said she wanted to be a __24__. Her husband supported her decision.
  __25__, Canadian medical schools did not __26__ women students at that time. Therefore, Charlotte went to the United States to study __27__ at the Women’s Medical College in Philadelphia. It took her five years to __28__ her medical degree. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  Upon graduation, Charlotte__29__to Montreal and set up a private __30__. Three years later, she moved to Winnipeg, Manitoba, and there she was once again a __31__ doctor. Many of her patients were from the nearby timber【超标本, 超鲁汇】 and railway camps. Charlotte__32__ herself operating on damaged limbs【超鲁汇;高中人教9册Unit3】 and setting __33__ bones, in addition to delivering all the babies in the area.
  But Charlotte had been practising without a licence. She had __34__ a doctor’s licence in both Montreal and Winnipeg, but was __35__. The Manitoba College of Physician and Surgeons, an all-male board, wanted her to __36__ her studies at a Canadian medical college! Charlotte refused to __37__ her patients to spend time studying what she already knew. So in 1887, she appealed to the Manitoba Legislature to __38__ a licence to her but they, too, refused. Charlotte__39__to practise without a licence until 1912. She died four years at the age of 73. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  In 1993, 77 years after her __40__, a medical licence was issued to Charlotte. This decision was made by the Manitoba Legislature to honor “this courageous and pi进步网oneering woman.”
  21. A. raising B. teaching C. nursing D. missing
  22. A. habit B. interest C. opinion D. voice
  23. A. invented B. selected C. offered D. started
  24. A. doctor B. musician C. lawyer D. physicist
  25. A. Besides B. Unfortunately C. Otherwise D. Eventually
  26. A. hire B. entertain C. trust D. accept
  27. A. history B. physics C. medicine D. law
  28. A. improve B. save C. design D. earn
  29. A. returned B. escaped C. spread D. wandered
  30. A. school B. museum C. clinic D. lab
  31. A. busy B. wealthy C. greedy D. lucky来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  32. A. helped B. found C. troubled D. imagined
  33. A. harmful B. tired C. broken D. weak
  34. A. put away B. taken over C. turned in D. applied for
  35. A. punished B. refused C. blamed D. fired
  36. A. display B. change C. preview D. complete
  37. A. leave B. charge C. test D. cure
  38. A. sell B. donate C. issue D. show
  39. A. continued B. promised C. pretended D. dreamed
  40. A. birth B. death C. wedding D. graduation
  第二部分 阅读理解(共25小题;每小题2分,满分50分)
      阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选进步网出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
                     A
  One morning, Ann’s neighbor Tracy found a lost dog wandering around the local elementary【超鲁汇;初中人教9年级Unit8】 school. She asked Ann if she could keep an eye on the dog. Ann said that she could watch it only for the day.
  Tracy took photos of the dog and printed off 400 FOUND fliers(传单), and put them in mailboxes. Meanwhile, Ann went to the dollar store and bought some pet supplies, warning her two sons not to fall in love with the dog. At the time, Ann’s son Thomas was 10 years old, and Jack, who was recovering from a heart operation, was 21 years old.
  Four years later Ann was still looking after the dog, whom they had started to call Riley. When she arrived home from work, the dog threw itself against the screen door and barked madly at her. As soon as she opened the door, Riley dashed into the boys’ room where Ann found Jack suffering a heart attack. Riley ran over to Jack, but as soon as Ann bent over to help him the dog went silent.
  “If it hadn’t come to get me, the doctor said Jack would have died,” Ann reported to a local newspaper. At this point, no one had called to claim【超鲁汇;高中人教8册Unit3;高中外研4册Module6】 the dog, so Ann decided to keep it.
  The next morning Tracy got a call. A man named Peter recognized his lost dog and called the number on the flier. Tracy started crying, and told him, “That dog saved my friend’s son.”
  Peter drove to Ann’s house to pick up his dog, and saw Thomas and Jack crying in the window. After a few moments Peter said, “Maybe Odie was supposed to find you, maybe you should keep it.”
  41. What did Tracy do after finding the dog?
      A. She looked for its owner. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
      B. She gave it to Ann as a gift.
      C. She sold it to the dollar store.
      D. She bought some food for it.
  42. How did the dog help save Jack? 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
      A. By breaking the door for Ann.
      B. By leading Ann to Jack’s room.
      C. By dragging Jack out of the room.
      D. By attending Jack when Ann was out.
  43. What was Ann’s attitude to the dog according to Paragraph 4?
      A. Sympathetic   B. Doubtful     C. Tolerant【鲁汇tolerate;高中外研8册Module6—tolerant;高中人教5册Unit3—tolerate】     D. Grateful
  44. For what purpose did Peter call Tracy?
      A. To help her friend’s son.          B. To interview Tracy
      C. To take back his dog             D. To return the flier to her
  45. What can we infer about the dog from the last paragraph?
     A. It would be given to Odie.
     B. It would be kept by Ann’s family.
        C. It would be returned to Peter. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
        D. It would be taken away by Tracy.
                                                                           B  
  It was one of those terribly hot days in Baltimore. Needless to say, it was too hot to do anything outside. But it was also scorching【超标本,超鲁汇】 in our apartment. This was 1962, and I would not live in a place with an air conditioner for another ten years. So my brother and I decided to leave the apartment to find someplace indoors. He suggested we could see a movie. It was a brilliant plan.
  Movie theaters were one of the few places you could sit all day and—most important—sit in air conditioning. In those days, you could buy one ticket and sit through two movies. Then the theater would show the same two movies again. If you wanted to, you could sit through them twice. Most people did not do that, but the manager at our theater, Mr. Bellow, did not mind if you did.
  That particular day, my brother and I sat through both movies twice, trying to escape the heat. We bought three bags of popcorn and three sodas【超标本,超鲁汇】 each. Then, we sat and watched The Music Man followed by The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance. We’d already seen the second movie once before. _It_had been at the theater since January, because Mr, Bellow loved anything with John Wayne in it.
  We left theater around 8, just before the evening shows began. But we returned the next day and saw the same two movies again, twice more. And we did it the next day进步网too. Finally, on the fourth day, the heat wave broke. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  Still, to this day I can sing half the songs in The Music Man and recite half of John Wayne and Jimmy Stewart’s dialogue from The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance! Those memories are some of the few I have of the heat wave of 1962. They’re really memories of the screen, not memories of my life.
  46. In which year did the author first live in a place with an air conditioner?
    A. 1952          B. 1962         C. 1972          D. 1982
  47. What does the underlined word “It” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
    A. The heat          B. The theatre
    C. The Music Man     D. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance
  48. What do we know about Mr. Bellow?
    A. He loved children very much. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
    B. He was a fan of John Wayne.
      C. He sold air conditioners.
      D. He was a movie star.
  49. Why did the author and his/her brother see the same movies several times?
    A. The two movies were really wonderful.
    B. They wanted to avoid the heat outside. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
    C. The manager of the theater was friendly.
    D. They liked the popcorn and the soda at the theater.
  50. What can we learn from the last paragraph?
    A. The author turned out to be a great singer.
    B. The author enjoyed the heat wave of 1962.
      C. The author’s life has been changed by the two movies.
    D. The author considers the experience at the theater unforgettable.
                                                                     C
    Elizabeth Freeman was born about 1742 to African American parents who were slaves. At the age of six months she was acquired, along with her sister, by John Ashley, a wealthy Massachusetts slaveholder. She became as “Mumbet” or “Mum bett.”
  For nearly 30 years Mumbet served the Ashley family. One day, Ashley’s wife tried to strike Mumbet’s sister with a spade. Mumbet protected her sister and took the blow instead. Furious【超标本;超鲁汇】, she left the house and refused to come back. Whe进步网n the Ashleys tried to make her return, Mumbet consulted a lawyer, Theodore Sedgewick. With his help, Mumbet sued(起诉)for her freedom.
  While serving the Ashleys, Mumbet had listened to many discussions of the new Massachusetts constitution.
  Strangely enough, after the trial, the Ashleys asked Mumbet to come back and work for them as a paid employee. She declined and instead went to work for Sedgewick. Mumbet died in 1829, but her legacy【超标本,超鲁汇】 lived on in her many descendants(后裔)【外研8册Module6—descend】. One of her great-grandchildren was W.E.B. Du Bois, one of the founders of the NAACP, and an important writer and spokesperson for African American civil rights. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  Mumbet’s tombstone still stands in the Massachusetts cemetery【超鲁汇;高中人教5册Unit2】 where she was buried. It reads, in part: “She was born a slave and remained a slave for nearly thirty years. She could neither read nor write, yet in her own sphere【超标本, 超鲁汇】 she had no superior or equal.”
  51. What do we know about Mumbet according to Paragraph 1?
     A. She was born a slave.                B. She was a slaveholder.
     C. She had a famous sister.                            D. She was born into a rich family.
  52. Why did Mumbet run away from the Ashleys?
     A. She found an employer.               B. She wanted to be a lawyer.
     C. She was hit and got angry. D. She had to take care of her sister.
  53. What did Mumbet learn from discussion about the new constitution?
     A. She should always obey her owners’ orders.
     B. She should be as free and equal as whites.
     C. How to be a good servant. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
     D. How to apply for a job.
  54. What did Mumbet do after the trial?
     A. She chose to work for a lawyer.         B. She found the NAACP.
     C. She continued to serve the Ashleys.      D. She went to live with her grandchildren.
  55. What is the text mainly about?
     A. A story of a famous writer and spokesperson.
     B. The friendship between a lawyer and a slave.
     C. The life of a brave African American woman.
     D. A trial that shocked the whole world. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
                                                                                 D
  How fit are your teeth? Are you lazy about brushing them? Never fear: An inventor is on the case. An electric toothbrush senses how long and how well you brush, and it lets you track your performance on your phone.
  The Kolibree toothbrush was exhibited at International Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas this week. It senses how it is moved and can send the information to an Android phone or iPhone via a Bluetooth wireless connection.
  The toothbrush will be able to teach you to brush right(don’t forget the insides of the teeth!) and make sure you’re brushing long enough. “It’s kind of like having a dentist actually watch your brushing on a day-to-day basis,” says Thomas Serval, the French inventor. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  The toothbrush will also be able to talk to other applications on your phone, so developers could, for instance【超鲁汇;初中人教9年级Unit13】, create a game controlled by your toothbrush. You could score points for beating monsters【超鲁汇;初中外研3年级上册Module 9;初中人教8年级下册Unit6】 among your teeth. “We try to make it smart but also fun,” Serval says.
  Serval says he was inspired by his experience as a father. He would come home from work and ask his kids if they had brushed their teeth. They said “yes,” but Se进步网rval would find their toothbrush heads dry. He decided he needed a brush that really told him how well his children brushed.
  The company says the Kolibree will go on sale this summer, for$99 to $199, depending on features. The U.S. is the first target market.
  Serval says that one day, it’ll be possible to replace the brush on the handle with a brushing unit that also has a camera. The camera can even examine holes in your teeth while you brush.
  56. Which is one of the features of the Kolibree toothbrush?
     A. It can sense how users brush their teeth.    B. It can track users’ school performance.
     C. It can detect users’ fear of seeing a dentist.  D. It can help users find their phones.
  57. What can we learn from Serval’s words in Paragraph 3?
     A. You will find it enjoyable to see a dentist.   来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
     B. You should see your dentist on a day-to-day basis.
     C. You can brush with the Kolibree as if guided by a dentist.
     D. You’d like a dentist to watch you brush your teeth every day.
  58. Which of the following might make the Kolibree toothbrush fun?
     A. It can be used to update mobile phones.  
       B. It can be used to play mobile phone games.
       C. It can send messages to other users.
       D. It can talk to its developers.
  59. What is Paragraph 5 mainly about?
     A. How Serval found his kids lied to him.
     B. Why Serval thought brushing teeth was necessary.
     C. How Serval taught his kids to brush their teeth.
     D. What inspired Serval to invent the toothbrush. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  60. What can we infer about Serval’s children?
     A. They were unwilling to brush their teeth.
     B. They often failed to clean their toothbrushes.
     C. They preferred to use a toothbrush with a dry head.
     D. They liked brushing their teeth after Serval came home.
  61. What can we learn about the future development of the Kolibree?
     A. The brush handle will be removed.
     B. A mobile phone will be built into it. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
     C. It will be used to fill holes in teeth.
     D. It will be able to check users’ teeth.
                                                                        E
  The kids in this village wear dirty, ragged clothes. They sleep beside cows and sheep in huts【超鲁汇;高中人教7册Unit4】 made of sticks and mud. They have进步网no school. Yet they all can chant the English alphabet, and some can make words.
  The key to their success: 20 tablet computers(平板电脑) dropped off in their Ethiopian village in February by a U.S. group called One Laptop Per Child.
  The goal is to find out whether kids using today’s new technology can teach themselves to read in places where no schools or teachers exist. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers analyzing the project data say they’re already amazed. “What I think has already happened is that the kids have already learned more than they would have in one year of kindergarten,” said Matt Keller, who runs the Ethiopia program. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
  The fastest learner—and the first to turn on one of the tablets—is 8-year-old Kelbesa Negusse. The device’s camera was disabled to save money, yet within weeks Kelbesa had figured out its workings and made the camera work. He called himself a lion, a marker of accomplishment in Ethiopia.
  With his tablet, Kelbesa rearranged the letters HSROE into one of the many English animal names he knows. Then he spelled words on his own. “Seven months ago he didn’t know any English. That’s unbelievable, ” said Keller.
  The project aims to get kids to a stage called “deep reading,” where they can read to learn. It won’t be in Amharic, Ethiopia’s first language, but in English, which is widely seen as the ticket to higher paying jobs.
  62. How does the Ethiopia program benefit the kids in the village? 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
    A. It trains teachers for them.                B. It contributes to their self-study
    C. It helps raise their living standards.         D. It provides funds for building schools
  63. What can we infer from Keller’s words in Paragraph 3?
    A. They need more time to analyze data.
    B. More children are needed to for the research.
    C. He is confident about the future of the project.
    D. The research should be carried out in kindergartens.
  64. It amazed Keller that with the tablet Kelbesa could_______.
    A. learn English words quickly              B. draw pictures of animals
    C. write letters to researchers                D. make phone calls to his friends
  65. What is the aim of the project?
    A. To offer Ethiopians higher paying jobs.
    B. To make Amharic widely used in the world. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
    C. To help Ethiopian kids read to learn in English.
    D. To assist Ethiopians in learning their first language.
                                                           第II卷(共45分)
  第三部分 书面表达(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 阅读表达( 共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分) 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
     阅读下面短文并用英语回答问题,将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意各小题后面的词数要求)。
[1] Nowadays the cost of a new car has fallen in real terms so that it is cheaper than ever to own one, and better road conditions have also attracted more drivers. The result is overcrowding on the road system, which is one of the problems the local governments are faced with.
[2] When people travel to other towns, the problem might be relieved by getting them to park outside the town. Buses could be provided to take them to the centre. These Park and Ride projects are increasingly popular in the UK. At Southerton, for example, a council-funded【高中外研7册Module 6—fund】 project led to a 15% drop in city centre traffic over five mouths. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
[3] What the council【超鲁汇;高中外研5册Module4】 fou进步网nd, though, was that the project proved somewhat unpopular with shop owners in the area outside the centre. Many of their shops relied on passing car drivers for some of their trade. As the number of people driving past dropped, so did their incomes.
[4] Making car driving expensive is another way of ________________________. Road taxes tend to mean that people use their cars less. Fining drivers who are in areas where cars have been banned can also tend to leave their cars behind.
[5] However, one thing has to be got right for any solution to succeed. If we expect people to give up the habit of driving, we must give them an alternative they can rely on. Constant delays, unannounced changes to the timetable and sudden cancellations【cancel为初中、高中课表词汇及鲁汇】 all discourage people from using public transport. People will only see it as a real choice if the buses and trains are on time.
 66. What causes overcrowding on the road system according to Paragraph 1?(no more than 12 words)
 ____________________________________________________________________
 67. What should people do when traveling to other towns according to the Park and Ride projects?( no more than 14 words)
 ____________________________________________________________________
 68. Why were some shop owners unhappy about the project? (no more than 10 words)
 ____________________________________________________________________
 69. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4. (no more than 8 words)
 _____________________________________________________________________
 70. Why are people unwilling to use public transport according to Paragraph 5? (no more than 8 words)
 _____________________________________________________________________
 第二节 写作(满分30分)
     某英文报社组织主题为“我喜欢的英语谚语”征文活动,你有意参加。请从下面两句谚语中任选一句作为标题写一篇英语作文,内容须包括:1.该谚语的含义;2体现该谚语含义的个人经历。
 ① A friend in need is a friend indeed.
 ② Where there’s a will, there’s a way. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
 注意:1.词数:120-150
       2.文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称。
 参考词汇:谚语proverb【超鲁汇;高中人教10册进步网Unit 1;高中外研2册Module1】
 2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷)
                     英语试题参考答案
第I卷
第一、二部分
1-5 DAACB   6-10 ABDCB   11-15 CADCB  16-20 CDABD  21-25 CBDAB
26-30 DCDAC  31-35 ABCDB   36-40 DACAB    41-45 ABDCB   46-50 CDBBD
51-55 ACBAC   56-60 ACBDA   61-65 DBCAC来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
第II卷  第三部分  第一节 
参考答案
66. The reduced/lowered cost of a new car and better road conditions.
67. They should park outside the town, and take the bus to the centre.
68. Their incomes dropped because fewer people drove past.
69. encouraging people to use public transport more/ encouraging people to use their cars less/relieving the problem (of overcrowding)
70. Because public transport is not reliable/satisfactory.
第二节:(略)

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