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2014年江苏常州中考英语试题及答案word版


作者:苏州进步网 来源:苏州进步网(www.szjjedu.com) 发布时间:2015-02-02 阅读次数:





2014年江苏常州中考英语试题答案word版
一、 单项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的
最佳选项。
1. It was really helpful  him to take the cat to the animal centre  a rainy night.
A. of; onB. of; atC. for; onD. for; at
2. Why is  honest leader like him supported by  few workers?
A. an; soB. an; suchC. a; soD. a; such来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
3. —Where shall I go for the summer holiday?
—How about Xiamen? It is a city worth  on a bike.
A. looking for B. looking at
C. looking forward toD. looking around
4. The Yellow River  flood large areas, but now the waters of it are used to  energy.
A. was used to; producingB. used to; producing
C. was used to; produceD. used to; produce
5. —The apple pies here taste  than those from anywhere else.
—Yes. But it will be better if they are .
A. more delicious; more expensive
B. less delicious; more expensive
C. more delicious; less expensive
D. less delicious; less expensive来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
6. —When will the railway that connects the two cities open?
— next year. Only two thirds  been built.
A. Until; hasB. Until; have
C. Not until; hasD. Not until; have
7. —How nice that Lucy has been invited to the party too!
—Well, Lucy  not come. She is not certain whether her mother will allow her to.
A. mightB. wouldC. mustD. need
8. We should tell the truth. We cant say one thing to one person and   thing to someone else.
A. otherB. anotherC. the otherD. one more
9. —Its reported that there will be a snowstorm this Sunday.
—. Were planning to go on a picnic that day.
A. I hope soB. I hope not
C. Im afraid soD. Im afraid not
10. Hi, Jim. I hear that youve just come back from Sanya. Im calling to ask .
A. how did you visit the city
B. how many days youve spent there
C. which hotel you stayed in Sanya来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
D. how you found the seafood there
二、 完形填空(共12小题;每小题1分,满分12分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。My earliest memories of writing are only school homework, nothing of any creativity. All that 11 one day, when Mrs Kumar asked us to write “An autobiography(自传) of a pencil”.For me, it was just another piece of homework, 12 Mrs Kumar reacted(表现) very differently. Maybe she was just being 13, or maybe she really liked the work. Whatever her 14, she read it out to the class as an example of “fine writing”.A few years later, I went back to my old school. I was walking through the 15 corridors(走廊) when I passed by Mrs Kumar, who was still teaching her class. She looked up as I passed and I 16, not wanting to disturb her.Seeing me, she went out and invited me into her class. “This girl is one of the best 17 this school has seen,” she said. “She wrote a wonderful autobiography of a pencil. I hope some of you can learn to write like her.”Even after all these years, I can still clearly remember that moment. My face shines with 18 whenever I tell someone this experience. I am sure I was not the only student whose school homework Mrs Kumar 19. It is likely that she made an effort to make each one of us feel 20. However, I had never had anybody praise(表扬) my writing before that. It encouraged me to do better to prove to her that “Look! Your 21 in me has worked. I am good, because you believe I am.”Today, I am a successful writer. Thanks to Mrs Kumar, my 22 are not only a tool(工具) to use. They are also a symbol of little beginnings and the power of a teachers encourag ement.
11. A. startedB. repeatedC. changedD. appeared
12. A. andB. thoughC. soD. but来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
13. A. kindB. excitedC. satisfiedD. generous
14. A. reasonsB. causesC. effortsD. wishes
15. A. strangeB. endlessC. crowdedD. familiar
16. A. whisperedB. clappedC. wavedD. cheered
17. A. inventorsB. writersC. winnersD. visitors
18. A. courageB. honesty C. prideD. modesty
19. A. rememberedB. checkedC. includedD. marked
20. A. protectedB. specialC. lovedD. necessary
21. A. understandingB. confidence
C. recommendationD. congratulation
22. A. visitsB. writingsC. memoriesD. pencils
三、 阅读理解(共13小题;每小题2分,满分26分)〖=1〗阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
AHarry is a boy with a learning disability. On his fourth birthday, he was given a pug called Millie. Two weeks after the dogs arrival, he was happier and calmer and said his first words, “dog” and “mummy”.Just two months later, thieves stole the dog, and now t he heartbroken littl e boy is back to where he started. He has refused to talk since losing his best friend. His mother was worried and gave him another dog, but he just “pushed it away”.Mrs Hainsworth, his mother, says, “My son is very sad. Hell go over to her cage and just beat(敲打) on the bars. There is no word coming out, but you just know hes screaming ‘Where is Millie’ inside. Millie was really his best friend. They would play together happily for hours. None of his toys has ever held his attention that long. Now he has just completely turned quiet again.”Harry suffers from a condition which affects his ability to speak and move. But the dogs being with him achieved more in days than months of speech therapy and physiotherapy had.Mrs Hainsworth says, “My son was so happy when he saw Millie. Being with Millie changed him, and within two weeks he had said his first words and was working on saying ‘dad’. Just last week, his teachers and I were saying how much Millie had helped him. And now this!” Mrs Hainsworth is considering buying another pug in the hope that her son will accept it.Maureen Hennis of the charity, Pets as Therapy, says she has seen many cases of dogs helping people with speech problems. “People may talk to a dog when they wouldnt like to talk to another human,” she says. “A dog doesnt care if words come out wrong.”
23. Before getting Millie, Harry .
A. had never seen a dog来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
B. had never said a word
C. had received little treatment
D. had never played with toys
24. With Millie gone, Harry .
A. is too sad to continue learning to talk
B. often quietly waits for her beside the cage
C. keeps asking his mother to get him another pug
D. does not want to play with other children any more
25. According to Maureen Hennis, Millie was able to help Harry because .
A. dogs are mans best friends
B. dogs are very clever and helpful
C. children dont have stress when talking to dogs
D. childr en would rather talk to dogs than to humans来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
BOnce a traveller came into a village which was suffering from hunger. The villagers asked him to leave, for they feared he wanted them to give him food. They told him that there was no food. The traveller explained that he didnt need any food and that, in fact, he was planning to make a soup to share with them instead. The villagers watched suspici ously as he built a fire and filled a pot with water.With great ceremony(仪式), he pulled a stone from a bag, and dropped the stone into the pot of water. After a moment, he smelt the soup and shouted with excitement, “How delicious the soup is!” As the villagers began to show interest, he mentioned how good the soup would be with just a little cabbage in it. A villager brought out a cabbage to share. This episode(情节) repeated itself until the soup had cabbage, carrots, onions, and beets—indeed, a full pot of soup that could feed everyone in the village was ready.This story describes when there are not enough resources(资源), humans will store things. We do not want to share. The story of stone soup helps us realize that, in doing so, we often prevent ourselves and everyone else from having a feast(盛宴).The meaning of this story goes far beyond food. We keep to ourselves ideas, love, and energy, thinking we will be richer, but in fact we make the world, and ourselves, poorer. The traveller was able to see that the villagers were holding back, and he had the ability to inspire(激发) them to give. In this way, they created a large meal that none of them could have created alone.Are you like one of the villagers? If you come forward and share your gifts, you will insp ire others to do the same. The reward is a feast that can feed many.
26. What does the underlined word “suspiciously” most probably mean?
A. doubtfullyB. excitedlyC. curiouslyD. fearfully
27. The traveller put a stone into the pot in order to . 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
A. teach the villagers to cook a soup with stone
B. inspire the villagers to bring out their own food
C. prove to the villagers that he didnt want their food
D. help villagers to survive by giving them some food
28. The writer mainly wants to tell us that .
A. storing thi ngs in hard times i s human nature
B. a good leader is very necessary in hard times
C. skills are needed to inspire people to share with others
D. sharing is more important than keeping things to oneself

C
Greek(希腊)Roman(罗马) Festival
Friday, April 28th
You can join one group.As a member of the group, you will take part in at least ONE of the following activities.
1Compete in an Olympic event. Remember there is only small space for each event, so dont be late.
 Hercules ThrowThrow a football through  a hoop(圈) 20 feet away.
 ThreeHeaded RaceThree people line up with touching legs tied. Then they run 100 metres in the playground.
 TogaBarrow Race This is like a wheelbarrow race. (Runners take hold of partners feet while partners walk on hands.) 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
2Make Greek or Roman food. Mrs Jones has a list of recipes(菜谱) from ancient(古代的) Greece and Rome. You may make American food, but be sure to give it a special, mythological(神话的) name. For example, call your chocolate cake “Zeuss Delight.” This is a great way to practice your skills in the kitchen.
3Create a work of art for the museum. Be sure your artwork shows ancient Greek or Roman culture. Artworks may include sculptures, paintings, mosaics, drawings or models. The museum is a great place to show off your  artistic talent.
4Perform a new short performance, song or dance for the talent show. Rewrite your favorite Greek myth(神话) by using modern language, or change the words of a popular song to tell a Greek or Roman story. Send your creative ideas to your English teacher for agreement. You must first perform for a group of teachers. The teachers choose the BEST performance groups for the talent show, so be sure your group has prepared for it.
This timetable will help groups know when each event will take place and where to go.
Group Number1:00-1:251:30-1:552:00-2:252:30-3:30ⅠOlympics/
PlaygroundMuseum/LibraryFood Court/
Dining HallⅡFood Court/
Dining HallOlympics/来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
PlaygroundMuseum/LibraryⅢMuseum/LibraryFood Court/
Dining HallOlympics/
PlaygroundTalent Show/
School Theatre29. Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A. Each student is made to take part in at least one Olympic event.
B. Greek myths or the songs that will be performed are rewritten by the teachers.
C. Greek or Roman names must be used for American food the students may cook.
D. Artworks shown in the museum are collected or made by the students themselves.
30. What do Group Ⅲ do right after watching the artworks?
A. Watch the talent show.
B. Prepare for a performance.
C. Taste food that students make.
D. Compete in the Olympic events.
31. For what purpose is the festival most probably held?
A. To improve students artistic talent. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
B. To make students more physically strong.
C. To make students more creative in making foods or performing.
D. To help students learn about ancient Greek and Roman cultures.
D“The British government will offer £1,000,000 to anyone who can solve the worlds biggest problem—whatever it might be,” said Prime Minister(首相) David Cameron at a science conference.In an unusual competition, the Government will ask people to find out the greatest challenge(挑战) today, such as finding a replacement(替代) for oil, producing lowcost food or curing AIDS/HIV.When the toughest problem has been decided, the Prime Minister will give away £1,000,000 to the person who successfully works out the answer.The competition follows the example of the Longitude Prize started by the government in 1714, which offered £20,000 (worth £6,000,000 today) to anyone who could discover how far east or west ships had sailed. Sailors could work out their location north and south, and were able to decide their local time from the sun. However, they needed to know the time at a reference(参照) point in order to find out how far they had travelled east or west.Many people thought the problem was impossible to solve, but the prize was finally won by John Harrison, an ordinary worker. He did this by designing a clock that kept accurate(准确的) time at sea and made it possible for sailors to work out their location.Almost exactly 300 years on, Mr Cameron will have a group of scientists collect suggestions and draw up a short list of problems facing the world. He will then start a race to solve the most difficult problem.A government officer said, “We want people to think big: what does the world need and how can we achieve that? We are looking for the next penicillin(青霉素), airplane or World Wide Web. Something that is going to really change what we do and how we live our lives—sending us ahead in the global race.”According to Mr Cameron, it is important to “encourage new ideas” and “attract back the best and the brightest” to Britain. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
32. The British government promises £1,000,000 to any person who .
A. can solve the biggest challenge facing the world
B. can find how the next penicillin works on illnesses
C. can think of the most difficult problem in the world
D. can help the Prime Minister run his government better
33. The Longitude Prize is mentioned mainly to .
A. explain why the government set up the prize in 1714
B. show John Harrison was a great success as an inventor
C. show that the government is very grateful to John Harrison
D. explain what gave Mr Cameron the idea of starting the competition
34. We can infer(推断) from Paragraphs 4 and 5 that .
A. ships no longer get lost at sea with Harrisons invention
B. clocks on ships kept good time before Harrisons invention
C. sailors found it hard to work out their location north and south
D. the sailing industry was very important in Britain around the 1700s
35. Which of the following is true according to the text? 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
A. John Harrison was sure that he would win the prize.
B. The millionpound prize will go to a British scientist.
C. The British government pays special attention to the nations creativity.
D. A replacement for oil is considered as the toughest problem by the scientists.
四、 阅 读表达(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格里只填一个单词。In modern society(社会) there is a great deal of argument about competition. Some value it highly, for they believe that it is helpful for social progress and richness. Others say that competition is bad, and that it sets one person against another and leads to unfriendliness between people.I have trained many children who held the belief(看法) that their selfworth came from how well they performed at tennis and other skills. For them, playing well and winning are often lifeanddeath matters. Sadly, they forget to develop many other human qualities.However, while some seem to be lost in the strong wish to succeed, others think quite the opposite. In a culture which values only the winner and pays no attention to the ordinary(普通) players, they strongly blame competition, especially youngsters who have suffered under competitive pressures(压力) from their parents or society. Teaching these young people, I often find that they even choose to fail. They seem to choose failure by not trying to win or achieve success. By not trying, they always have an excuse, “I may have lost, but it doesnt matter because I really didnt try.” In fact, they are worried that if they  had really tried and failed, the failure would mean that they were worth nothing.Clearly, this belief is the same as that of the true competitors who try to prove themselves. Both are based on the mistaken belief that ones selfworth comes from how well one performs in comparison(比较) with others. Both are afraid of not being valued. We can only discover a new meaning in competition as such worries and fear begin to disappear. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
Title: Opinions about competition
Main argumentSome believe that competition can push  society 36, while others think competition 37 unfriendliness between people.Childrens
performancesSome children 38 care about performing well and winning.
Some children give up trying to prevent themselves from 39.Reason behindThey think one can prove his selfworth only by performing better than others in competition.Writers 40 to
childrenUnderstand the new meaning of competition.36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

【答案】


五、 词汇(共8小题;每小题1分,满分8分)A)根据句子意思,用括号中所给词的正确形式填空,每空填一词。
41. The horror film kept the little girl (wake) all night. 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
42. Smiles on the (swim) faces showed how they enjoyed the race.
43. Simon entered the library, found (he) a seat by the window and started his work.
44. It was closing time, but the (interest) tourists were still unwilling to leave.B)根据句意及汉语提示,写出各单词的正确形式,每空填一词。
45. The CN Tower in Canada is 1,815 feet in (高). 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
46. The cat is lying (舒适) under the tree with her eyes halfclosed.
47. He donated all his savings to local education in his (九十).
48. —Why did you shout?
—I felt something (击中) me on the head.
【答案】

六、 用括号内所给动词的正确形式填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
49. Outgoing children prefer showing their feelings openly to (control) them within themselves.
50. —Guo Taos new book about his stories w ith his son (come) out.
—Really? Why not go to the bookshop and buy one right now?
51. Excuse me, havent you been told (not  smoke) in the reading room?
52. I can still speak some French now, for I (teach) Chinese in France for several years.
53. —Why didnt you say anything? 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
—Sorry, I (reply) to my bosss message.
【答案】


七、 根据所给汉语完成句子(共6小题;每小题1.5分,满分9分)
54. 这些句子必须都记在笔记本上吗?
in the notebook? 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
55. 当我们到达时,会议已经开始10分钟了。
The meeting .
56. 他们正在讨论该向谁求助吗?
?
57. 昨天给那个病人做手术的时间可真够长的!
yesterday!
58. 让我一个人呆着,以便我能想出一个好主意。
a good idea.
59. 经常看到露西的父亲开车送她上学。
Lucys father .
【答案】来源进步网www.szjjedu.com

八、 书面表达(共1题;满分15分)
过年燃放爆竹是中国人的传统,但是近年来越来越多的人 同过年不放爆竹。假如你是Green Club的一员,请你用英语写一封倡议书,介绍燃放爆竹可能带来的危害,并呼吁同学们过年时少放或不放爆竹。
注意:1)所写内容必须包括图示中的信息,可适当发挥;
2)文中不得出现你的真实姓名和学校名称;
3)表达清楚,语句通顺,意思连贯,书写规范;来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
4)词数不少于90。文章的开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。参考词汇:set off firecrackers燃放爆竹gas气体(可数名词) 来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
Dear all,Its a Chinese tradition to set off firecrackers at the Spring Festival. However, more and more people have realized that firecrackers are doing more harm than good.
【答案】

 
1-5 AADDC   6-10 CABBD  
二完形填空
11-15 CDAAD   16-20 CBCAB  21-22 BD来源进步网www.szjjedu.com
三阅读理解[
23-25 BAC   26-28 ABD  29-31CCD   32-35 ADDC
四阅读表达

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